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Toyota's LandCruiser Prado has gained a more powerful and fuel-efficient turbo-diesel engine as well as specification upgrades on all models.

The new 3.0-litre common-rail Toyota 1KD-FTV direct-injection engine delivers substantially more power and torque, rapid response, smooth acceleration, better fuel economy and lower emissions.

The DOHC four-cylinder intercooled and turbocharged engine produces 32 per cent more power and 19.5 per cent more torque than the similar-capacity engine it replaces.

Maximum power is 127kW at 3400rpm (up from 96kW at 3600rpm) while peak torque jumps to 410Nm at 1600-2800rpm (up from 343Nm at 2000rpm).

Transmissions available with the new engine each gain an extra ratio - a six-speed manual and an electronically controlled five-speed automatic with gated shift.

Fuel consumption for both turbo-diesel versions has also been lowered to less than 10 litres/100km - an improvement of 19.3 per cent for the manual and 26.2 per cent for the auto.

Turbo-diesel Prado uses 9.2 litres/100km for the manual (down 2.2) and 9.3 litres for the automatic (down 3.3) on the official combined cycle.

The engine complies with new, stricter Euro IV emission levels.

David Buttner, Toyota Australia's senior executive director sales and marketing, said the new engine offered increased power and torque across the rev range.

"Prado's new turbo-diesel engine delivers strong performance from idle and features an extremely flat torque curve," Mr Buttner said.

"These characteristics make the Prado turbo-diesel ideal for acceleration, towing and off-road driving."

The manual transmission adopts triple-cone synchromesh on first, second and third gears to make shifts smoother.

Diesel fuel is stored under high pressure in a common-rail pump and injected directly into the combustion chamber multiple times per cycle.

This technology optimises the air/fuel mixture in the cylinders, delivering efficient combustion for high torque and excellent fuel economy.

Petrol Prado models continue with an all-alloy Quad Cam 4.0-litre V6 engine equipped with variable valve timing (VVT-i).

The petrol engine delivers maximum power of 179kW at 5200rpm and peak torque is 376Nm at 3800rpm.

The 4.0-litre V6 petrol engine and new 3.0-litre four-cylinder turbo-diesel engine are available on all four Prado grades - GX, GXL, VX and Grande.

VX and Grande models are fitted with the electronic five-speed automatic transmission.

GX and GXL models come with either the six-speed manual or five-speed automatic.

Along with the new turbo-diesel engine, the diesel models gain acoustic windscreen glass and new sound-absorbing material under the instrument panel to reduce noise, vibration and harshness.

Turbo-diesel models have a larger engine cover and twin counter-rotating balance shafts.

The Prado Grande receives a new, easier-to-read Optitron instrument cluster and added warning features.

Prado GX has been upgraded with wider 17-inch styled steel wheels and wider side steps, overfender flares and mudguards, body-coloured bumpers and door handles, side protection mouldings, and chrome grille and exterior mirrors.

An option pack for Prado GX includes anti-skid brakes (ABS), cruise control, leather accented steering wheel and leather accented gearshift knob.

Prado GXL models gain privacy glass and roof rails.

Additional features for Prado VX include power-operated front seats, leather accented seat trim and leather/woodgrain door trim.


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Toyota's LandCruiser Prado has been Australia's most popular medium Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) over the last decade.

David Buttner, Toyota Australia's senior executive director sales and marketing, said Australians bought a total of 108,477 Prados, including almost 11,000 this year (YTD October).

The nearest competitor in the past decade has sold just 70,000 vehicles.

Among four-wheel-drive vehicles in this segment, Prado has been the best seller since its first full year of sales in 1997.

The only exception came in 2002 when it was narrowly beaten due to the end of a model cycle.

"Prado is the top-selling four-wheel-drive vehicle in the medium SUV segment," Mr Buttner said.

"It continues to outsell every four-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive competitor in the segment."

The medium SUV segment has grown markedly in recent years.

Sales in the segment have more than doubled from 30,671 in 2002 to a record 69,947 last year.

Mr Buttner said almost 30 per cent of new buyers in this segment were abandoning large cars - with Australia's two best-selling six-cylinder cars being the most prominent trade-ins at present.

This year, sales in the segment are expected to be the second strongest on record.

The medium SUV segment's share of total SUV sales is almost 50 per cent higher today than it was just four years ago.

Prado and Toyota's other entrant in the medium SUV segment - Kluger - together account for 30.5 per cent of sales in the segment so far this year.

Prado accounts for 22.1 per cent of the segment, or 10,891 sales so far this year, while Kluger accounts for 8.5 per cent, or 4178 sales.


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Toyota Australia has repositioned the Prado GX line-up to provide an even more competitive entry to the Prado range.

The company has also simplified its pricing with a '3+1' strategy: $3000 for automatic transmission and $1000 for the new turbo-diesel engine over the petrol V6 model.

Petrol V6 and new turbo-diesel GX models have been upgraded with a long list of improved features that enhance Prado's visual appeal.

Prado GX now includes: wider, styled 17-inch steel wheels; wider side steps, overfender flares and mud guards; body-coloured bumpers, door handles and side-protection mouldings; and chrome grille and mirror housings.

"Prado GX turbo-diesel gets all these features plus the new engine and six-speed manual transmission for a recommended retail price of $47,290," said Toyota Australia's senior executive director sales and marketing, David Buttner.

"The price represents great value, taking into account the added specification and the new drivetrain.

"This is an aggressive move designed to reposition the GX, which is popular with both fleet and private buyers."

All Prado models have: driver and passenger airbags; eight seats, all with three-point seatbelts; 180-litre fuel capacity; power windows and mirrors; remote central locking; and MP3-compatible CD with six speakers.

A new GX option pack is priced at just $1250.

It includes ABS anti-skid brakes with Brake Assist and Electronic Brakeforce Distribution, cruise control and a leather-wrapped steering wheel and shift lever.

"The upgrades reinforce Prado as an extremely aggressive and competitive player and will ensure the GX turbo-diesel is well placed to attract buyers wanting a rugged, fuel-efficient medium SUV," Mr Buttner said.

Prado GXL - in addition to the features on GX and in the option pack - is fitted with foglamps, 17-inch alloy wheels, a six-stack CD player and air conditioning.

New features for GXL are privacy glass and roof rails - plus the new engine and manual transmission - for a recommended retail price (RRP) of $55,290.

For VX, new features are leather trim for the seats and doors plus eight-way power front seats as well as the new turbo-diesel engine and five-speed auto transmission.

VX is also equipped with stability and traction control, downhill assist, hill-start support, front side and curtain airbags, dual auto air conditioning and a separate rear cooler.

RRP is $68,290 for the automatic-only turbo-diesel model.

The range-topping Grande models have all the features of VX plus rear air suspension, active height control, an electric moonroof, satellite navigation with in-dash four-CD changer, cool box, alarm, trip computer and a partial cover for the spare wheel.

Grande turbo-diesel - with the new engine and automatic transmission - is $75,290 RRP.

  Petrol V6 Turbo-diesel
Six-speed manual $46,290 $47,290
Five-speed auto $49,290 $50,290
Option pack $1250 $1250
Six-speed manual $54,290 $55,290
Five-speed auto $57,290 $58,290
Five-speed auto $67,290 $68,290
Five-speed auto $74,290 $75,290

Note: prices are recommended retail prices (RRP) and exclude dealer delivery and statutory charges.


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Toyota's LandCruiser Prado is poised to benefit from growing demand for fuel-efficient diesel engines with the launch of the new-generation Prado turbo-diesel.

David Buttner, Toyota Australia's senior executive director sales and marketing, said diesel sales had grown this year to account for 47 per cent of total Prado sales.

Since June 2006 diesel has accounted for 50 per cent of Prado sales compared with a long-term average of 40 per cent.

"This new turbo-diesel engine - with common-rail direct injection - is arriving at just the right time," Mr Buttner said.

"High fuel prices have prompted a surge in sales of diesel-powered vehicles generally.

"The arrival of a more powerful, more fuel-efficient turbo-diesel engine could well switch those percentages - with diesel taking over as the top seller.

"Our research also supports this. While most diesel Prado owners say they will stay with the same engine type, 18 per cent of petrol Prado owners are open to considering a diesel vehicle for their next purchase."

Mr Buttner said Prado had enabled city-based Australians to head off road with confidence.

"Prado owners take their vehicles off-road regularly because they have confidence in the vehicle's quality, durability and reliability.

"It's a 'getaway' vehicle that is equally comfortable around town or when driving on unsealed or rough roads.

"A significant proportion of Prado owners regularly use their vehicle in extreme conditions - taking it on steep uphill roads or off-road into forests and the bush.

"Two-thirds of Prado owners use their vehicle for towing trailers, boats, caravans and camper trailers.

"The new turbo-diesel engine and other improvements across the range will give buyers even more confidence."

Mr Buttner said the main reason given by owners for buying a Prado is the strength of the Toyota brand.

"Fifty-five per cent of buyers cite confidence in the Toyota brand - more than any other brand in the all-terrain SUV segment.

"Prado buyers are the least likely to shop across brands, with 41 per cent saying they will buy another Prado next time.

"Almost 40 per cent of Prado buyers won't consider any other vehicle."


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Toyota Prado's new 3.0-litre high-pressure (common-rail) turbocharged and intercooled diesel engine has 31kW more power and 67Nm more torque than the equivalent capacity engine it supersedes.

The double overhead camshaft Toyota 1KD-FTV engine's advanced design features provide a balance of performance and reliability, low noise and vibration, package efficiency and light weight, optimum serviceability, low emissions and high fuel efficiency.

It is the first twin cam diesel engine ever offered in Prado.

The 1KD-FTV has twin counter-rotating balance shafts to reduce noise, vibration and harshness (NVH).

It has electronic engine management, an electronic drive-by-wire throttle, a variable-vane turbocharger with water-cooled bearing housing and electronic high-pressure (common-rail) fuel injection.

The turbo-diesel's 32-bit engine control computer includes onboard diagnostics and a fail-safe (limp-home) system.

The engine management system includes an atmospheric pressure sensor, an intake air temperature sensor and a hot-wire-type airflow meter to ensure accurate airflow measurement and more accurate fuel/air mixing.

The engine control software also includes idle speed control and an air conditioner cut-off according to engine condition.

Design features include a four-valve cylinder head design with centrally located injector and in-piston combustion chamber.

Virtually all the engine architecture and detail design features in the new Toyota Prado turbo-diesel that boost performance also contribute to fuel efficiency and low emissions.

The two intake ports for each cylinder have different profiles, to maximise swirl in the cylinder and optimise combustion.

Vacuum-actuated swirl control valves on one intake port in each pair of ports promote increased swirl at low engine revolutions.

Valve timing has been optimised with the adoption of twin overhead camshafts that act directly on the valves via shim-less lifters.

Performance, reliability and fuel efficiency features also include a new variable nozzle vane-type turbocharger, with water-cooled bearing housing and an intake shutter to improve exhaust gas recirculation performance and reduce NVH during idling, deceleration and engine shutdown.

The variable-nozzle vane-type turbocharger optimises the velocity of exhaust gas flow to the turbine according to engine condition.

It reduces turbocharger back pressure at medium to high rpm, improving output and fuel efficiency while reducing emissions.

The engine computer controls the setting of the adjustable vanes via a direct-current motor.

Prado turbo-diesel's new fuel system has a high-pressure pump and electronic injectors - for greater accuracy of fuel injection timing and volume.

The electronic injection system has multi-pilot injection control to determine the volume, timing and count interval between pilot injections and main injection.

Pilot injection is a series of small injection phases before the main injection phase.

It smoothes the start of the combustion pressure curve, thereby reducing combustion noise.

Prado turbo-diesel's fuel system also includes a fuel cooler to maintain fuel viscosity and hence optimise performance.

The 1KD-FTV's performance, weight efficiency and package efficiency have also been boosted by a segment conductor alternator.


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Toyota Prado's new 1KD-FTV engine meets Euro IV emission levels.

The 3.0-litre common-rail turbo-diesel engine makes optimum use of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) to reduce and control formation of oxides of nitrogen (NOx).

The EGR valve introduces a small amount of inert gas into the intake manifold to reduce peak temperature in the combustion chamber.

The new turbo-diesel engine has EGR passages connecting the exhaust ports to the cylinder heads to recirculate a greater volume of exhaust gas.

The re-powered Prado turbo-diesel meets Euro IV emission standards, which will be mandated for diesel vehicles from 1 January 2007.

The Euro IV limits for diesel-engine vehicles in Prado's category are significantly more stringent than the previous Euro II emission standards currently required under Australian Design Rule (ADR) 79/00.

ADR 79/01 applies to petrol, diesel and LPG-powered passenger vehicles with a gross vehicle mass under 3.5 tonnes launched from 2005 and for all new vehicles from 2006.

The change from Euro II to Euro IV for vehicles in Prado turbo-diesel's category means carbon monoxide (CO) emissions must be reduced from 1.0 to 0.5g/km.

Allowable combined emissions of hydrocarbon (HC) and NOx are reduced from 0.7g/km under Euro II to 0.3g/km under Euro IV.

In addition to reduced emission levels Euro IV has a stricter testing regime requiring emissions to be measured from the instant the engine starts - under Euro II the initial cold start emissions were not measured.


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Toyota has upgraded its LandCruiser Prado turbo-diesel with new transmissions to compliment its new engine.

The five-speed electronically controlled automatic and six-speed manual transmissions add an additional ratio compared with Prado turbo-diesel's superseded transmissions.

The new transmissions are designed to increase fuel economy, driveability and driving comfort.

The new automatic transmission is offered in all Prado turbo-diesel model grades.

The new manual transmission is offered in GX and GXL grades.

The Toyota A750F Super ECT automatic transmission has already proven itself in Australia in LandCruiser 100 Series and Prado Quad Cam V6 models, and the new six-speed manual transmission in Prado V6.

The A750F has a gated shift and improved shift feel thanks to Toyota's latest generation precision hydraulic control system.

The new LandCruiser Prado automatic can be driven in conventional automatic mode, with the shift lever in 'D', or in manual-style using the gate-type shift.

The gate shift provides for lateral D-4 and L-2 changes.

The new manual transmission reduces shift effort, with the adoption of triple-cone synchromesh on first, second and third gears.

Both transmissions reduce vehicle weight.

The A750F automatic transmission has ratios of: first, 3.520; second, 2.042; third, 1.400; fourth, 1.000; fifth, 0.716; and reverse, 3.224.

It is matched to a 3.909:1 final drive ratio.

The six-speed manual transmission has ratios of: first, 4.171; second, 2.190; third, 1.488; fourth, 1.193; fifth, 1.000; sixth, 0.799; and reverse, 3.607.

It is matched to a 3.727:1 final drive ratio.


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Toyota Prado offers the choice of an all-alloy Quad Cam V6 equipped with variable valve timing (VVT-i) in addition to its new, more powerful turbo-diesel engine.

Like the turbo-diesel engine, it can be matched to a six-speed manual or electronically controlled five-speed automatic transmission - both with two-speed transfer, full-time four-wheel drive and torque-sensing centre differential.

The Toyota 1GR-FE engine delivers 179kW of power at 5200rpm and 376Nm of torque at 3800rpm.

Sophisticated features of the 1GR-FE engine include a linkless electronic throttle, die-cast aluminium cylinder block and VVT-i.

The 1GR-FE engine has a square bore-and-stroke relationship for a balance of power and torque.

It has a bore of 94mm and stroke of 95mm for a swept capacity of 3956 cubic centimetres.

Toyota designed the 1GR-FE engine for a combination of high performance and reliability, low NVH (noise, vibration and harshness), light weight and compact design, good serviceability, optimum fuel economy and low emissions.

The 24-valve engine has VVT-i and a two-stage acoustic-control induction system (ACIS).

The intelligent Toyota VVT-i system in the 1GR-FE engine offers infinitely variable inlet valve timing within a range of 50 degrees (relative to crankshaft angle).

VVT-i optimises performance across the engine revolution range and minimises emissions.

Weight-saving features include a die-cast alloy cylinder block and intake manifold, in-built mountings in the cylinder block for ancillaries, a laser-welded plastic intake air chamber, plastic fuel delivery pipe and plastic water inlet pipe.


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Additions to the instruments on Prado turbo-diesel models now include a reverse warning buzzer for the six-speed manual transmission and a modified automatic transmission shift position indicator for the five-speed Super ECT automatic transmission.

Toyota has also added a front foglamp indicator on Prado GXL, VX and Grande petrol and turbo-diesel models, and a fuel filter warning indicator for all turbo-diesel models.

This fuel filter warning indicator flashes when the filter is clogged or if there is a malfunction in the fuel sediment filter.

This is a new feature to ensure optimum fuel cleanliness for the turbo-diesel's high-pressure common-rail injector system.

Toyota's LandCruiser Prado Grande also has a new, easier-to-read Optitron instrument cluster - a flow-down of Lexus technology.

The Optitron cluster has more visible meter needles, along with the added warning features.

Prado petrol manual also has a reverse warning buzzer.


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Toyota's improved LandCruiser Prado range has significantly increased specification levels.

This is in addition to the new turbo-diesel engine and new transmissions.

The specification realignment applies from October 2006 production.

LandCruiser Prado's four grades - GX, GXL, VX and Grande - offer the choice of either a Quad Cam petrol V6 or turbo-diesel engine.

The turbo-diesel engine can be matched to a new six-speed manual or five-speed electronically controlled automatic transmission in GX and GXL.

Prado VX and Grande turbo-diesel have the five-speed automatic transmission.

Prado GX has the additional features (over the superseded GX) of 265/65R17 tyres and 7.5J x 17 wheels, wide steps and wide overfender flares.

It also has body-coloured bumpers and door handles, lower body side cladding, as well as a chrome radiator grille and chrome exterior mirrors.

An option pack is available for the Prado GX which includes ABS anti-skid brakes, cruise control, leather accented steering wheel and leather accented gearshift knob.

Prado GXL now has the additional features over superseded GXL of privacy glass and roof rails.

Prado VX specifications have been increased by the addition of power-operated front seats, leather accented seat trim and leather/woodgrain door trim.


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Toyota LandCruiser Prado VX and Grande have a comprehensive package of Driver Assist Technology (DAT) - for added safety and comfort both on and off road.

The DAT package includes Hill-start Assist Control and Downhill Assist Control.

Toyota DAT is designed to suit on- and off-road applications and encapsulates Toyota's leading-edge four-wheel-drive technology.

The DAT features include constant four-wheel drive, Torsen limited-slip centre differential with locking function, and ABS anti-skid brakes with Electronic Brakeforce Distribution and Brake Assist.

It also includes second-generation Active Traction Control and Vehicle Stability Control.

Top-of-the-range Prado Grande has electronically controlled rear air suspension and the added feature of second-generation Toyota Electronically Modulated Suspension (TEMS).

ABS is standard equipment on Prado GXL, VX and Grande, and available as an option on GX.

Active Traction Control (A-TRC) is designed to prevent the wheels from spinning when starting or when accelerating on a slippery road surface.

The electronically controlled A-TRC system supersedes the need for centre and rear differential locks by distributing the drive force that would have been lost through slippage to the remaining wheels.

It overcomes the locked centre differential phenomenon of two diagonally opposed wheels spinning.

Toyota's A-TRC system helps to prevent the wheels from slipping by controlling the engine output and applying brake pressure to the slipping wheel.

It uses the same hardware configuration as Vehicle Stability Control.

Downhill Assist Control (DAC) is designed to reduce the amount of driver input required when descending a steep incline.

Hill-start Assist Control (HAC) is an automatic function to prevent Prado rolling backwards, by controlling wheel spin when starting uphill on a slippery surface.

HAC is particularly helpful on low-traction off-road surfaces.

In addition, HAC protects the automatic transmission's torque converter from excessive strain.

TEMS enhances Prado's off-road and on-road performance by controlling damper performance on all four wheels, providing passenger-car like ride and handling.

TEMS allows the driver to select one of four suspension settings for optimum ride comfort and handling depending on the surface and driving conditions.

The four settings are: comfort, semi-comfort, semi-sport and sport.

TEMS controls the damping forces of the shock absorbers, based on information from sensors measuring shock absorber movement, wheel speeds, engine speed and the brake pedal position.

TEMS enhances driving dynamics on and off road.

Prado Grande's rear air suspension operates in conjunction with the semi-active TEMS.

It allows variable ride height and increased ride comfort, especially over rough surfaces where bottoming-out may occur.

The rear air suspension system replaces the conventional coil springs with pneumatic cylinders.

It is controlled by a height switch located on the centre console near the TEMS control.

Toyota's attention to reliability and durability is confirmed in the design and layout of Prado VX and Grande electronic driving aids.

All the electronic control units are located inside the cabin to protect them from snow and water.


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Toyota's re-powered Prado turbo-diesel has a range of new features to minimise noise, vibration and harshness (NVH).

All new turbo-diesel Prado models have acoustic windscreen glass (with top-shade) to reduce transmission of exterior noise into the cabin.

In addition, improved Prado turbo-diesel has state-of-the-art sound-absorbing material installed in two key areas under the instrument panel to reduce cabin noise.

The Toyota 1KD-FTV turbo-diesel engine has twin counter-rotating balance shafts to reduce NVH.

The turbo-diesel engine's NVH countermeasures also include a new, larger engine cover to reduce engine noise.


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Click here to view 2006 PRADO GX SPECIFICATIONS as Excel Spreadsheet

Click here to view 2006 PRADO GXL AND VX SPECIFICATIONS as Excel Spreadsheet

Click here to view 2006 PRADO GRANDE SPECIFICATIONS as Excel Spreadsheet

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